Types of Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBIs)

Traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) are often just that – traumatic. Injuries to the brain range from moderate to severe and often have a dramatic impact on victims’ daily lives, affecting their ability to live and work like they did before they were hurt.

Every TBI is different. While some people may sustain a concussion and go back to normal activities relatively quickly, other head injuries can have devastating, irreversible impacts on every aspect of the victim’s life. Many TBI victims are unable to work, and some require significant assistive care and therapy.

Each year, about 1.7 million people sustain a TBI in the United States, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). TBI is a contributing factor to a third of all injury-related deaths. That does not even begin to account for the economic costs of TBIs, estimated to be $76.5 billion by the CDC, including direct and indirect medical costs.

If you or a loved one has suffered a TBI as a result of someone else’s negligence, The Abelson Law Firm can help you. Contact our office in Washington DC today for a free consultation. You can reach us by phone or fill out our online contact form. 

What is a Traumatic Brain Injury?

A TBI happens when a bump or blow to the head or a penetrating head injury disrupts normal brain function. A TBI may be mild or severe. Some mild cases of TBI are referred to as concussions.

The severity of a TBI may range from “mild” (for example, a brief change in mental status or consciousness) to “severe” (for example, an extended period of unconsciousness or amnesia after the accident).

According to the CDC, 43 percent of those hospitalized with a TBI still suffer from a related disability a year after the injury.

A TBI can impact many aspects of a victim’s life, affecting:

  • Cognitive function, including attention and memory.
  • Motor function, such as causing weakness in the extremities and impaired coordination or balance.
  • Sensation, including hearing and vision.
  • Emotion, causing depression, anxiety, impulse or personality changes.

Some of the most common symptoms of a TBI include:

  • Loss of consciousness
  • Memory loss
  • Sleep problems
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Balance problems
  • Headache
  • Blurred vision
  • Sensitivity to light or sound
  • Confusion
  • Irritability
  • Nervousness
  • Anxiety
  • Mood changes
  • Light-headedness
  • Tired eyes

What Causes Traumatic Brain Injuries?

TBIs have a number of causes. The injury can be closed, caused by movement of the brain within the skull such as from a fall or other blow to the head, or penetrating, where a foreign object enters the skull, such as a gunshot.

According to the CDC, the leading causes of TBI are:

  • Falls (35.2 percent). Falls cause half of TBIs among children up to 14 years old, and 61 percent of TBI cases among adults over the age of 65.
  • Car accidents (17.3 percent). While motor vehicle crashes are the second-leading cause of TBIs, they are the leading cause of TBI-related deaths, accounting for 31.8 percent.
  • Struck by or against objects (16.5 percent). This includes colliding with a moving or stationary object. These accidents caused 25 percent of TBIs among children up to 14 years old.
  • Assaults (10 percent). Among children, assaults are the cause of 2.9 percent of TBIs and 1 percent of TBIs among people over the age of 65. 

Who Suffers Traumatic Brain Injuries?

People of all ages suffer TBIs, but the young and old account for the most. Those under age 4, between 15 and 19 and over 65 are most likely to suffer a TBI, according to the CDC. Nearly half a million emergency room visits for TBI are made by children up to age 14 each year. Adults age 75 and older have the highest rates of TBI-related hospitalization and death.

For every age group, males have a higher rate of TBIs than females.

If you, or a loved one, are among the more than 5 million Americans living with a TBI-related disability, you are likely struggling to maintain a normal life. TBIs often prevent victims from earning a living at the same time they face staggering bills for medical care, rehabilitation, assistive care and other costs.

If you have suffered a TBI because of someone else’s negligence, The Abelson Law Firm can help you through this difficult time. Schedule a free consultation today to learn more about your rights as a D.C. accident victim and about how we can assist you in recovering the maximum compensation you deserve.

Call us now or fill out our online contact form for a free claim review and advice about your legal options.


  • CDC – Injury Prevention & Control: Traumatic Brain Injury
  • CDC – TBI Data & Statistics

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