There is no complete cure for traumatic brain injuries, and rehabilitation and other treatment have limited effectiveness. But such injuries are preventable, and there is much you can do to help keep yourself safe.
Most traumatic brain injuries occur as a result of falls, car accidents and sports.
Falling from ladders, slipping in the bath and falling down steps are common causes of brain injuries. To reduce the risks of a fall at home, keep ladders in good condition and make sure they are on a stable surface when you use them. Do not climb higher than the second step from the top on a stepladder.
Keep walking surfaces clutter-free and dry and use nonslip mats in bathtubs and showers.
Always wear a seatbelt when you are riding in a car, and make sure that children are appropriately restrained as well. Children under the age of 13 must not ride in the front seat of a car. The deployment of air bags in an accident may seriously injure or kill a child in the front seat.
Bicyclists and motorcyclists are at great risk of suffering a traumatic brain injury as a result of head impact in an accident. Wear a DOT-approved, well-fitting helmet every time you ride a bicycle or motorcycle.
Helmets also are an important defense against suffering a traumatic brain injury while playing contact sports. Wear a helmet while skateboarding, boxing or playing ice hockey, football or baseball. Helmets are also an absolute must when you are riding a horse.
Fall prevention is especially important for senior citizens, who are vulnerable to catastrophic injury in falls. Have grab bars or railings installed in bathrooms. Keep up your physical strength and balance by staying active and exercising. Make sure that rooms, corridors and hallways are well-illuminated and that no steps are broken or damaged. Guardrails and railings must be sturdy and reliable.